People feel healthy due to proper work of the digestive system. However, balance of the intestinal microflora often is disturbed under the influence of disease, stress, antibiotics and other drugs, as well as the absence of physical activity. To restore and maintain the natural intestinal flora probiotics provide.
Probiotics are live microorganisms which make up the microflora of various human organs and affect beneficially the health by improving the properties of the microflora.
Long-term researches discovered the relationships between probiotics and intestinal health and well-being in general. Probiotics stimulate to absorb and digest food; keep the balance of microflora in the intestines and improve the immune system.
The most common type of probiotics is lactobacillus acidophilus or bifidobacteria; also known as the “friendly bacteria”. In the first days of life an infant gets beneficial bifidobacteria infantis from mother’s milk. They help to digest milk sugar.
When one grown up, his intestine is inhabited by other species of bacteria. Thus, acidophilus bacteria facilitate the absorption of minerals such as magnesium, iron, copper, manganese, and carbohydrates, which provide us with energy and nutrients.
Other types of bacteria release amino acids for absorption by the body. Some bacteria facilitate to normalize cholesterol levels and circulation of bile. A certain type of bacteria produces antifungal substances and natural antibiotics. The other types secrete acids such as acetic, lactic, and formic to create unfavorable conditions for harmful microorganisms.
What are the main types of probiotics?
The major source of probiotics is dairy-based foods such as yogurt, fermented baked milk, cheese,