On the other hand, the perceived decrease in quality might well be a real phenomenon related to the fact of the increase in both numbers of students and the pace getting students through the curriculum of the School of Music so they could be assigned to ships.
In addition, instruction time was cut from two years to eighteen months inthen cut again from eighteen months to 52 weeks in For, beyond the drudgery of classes and practice time, musicians at the School of Music had other special jobs in and around D.
These details show the music units — despite both their grumbling about assignments or musicianship, and their widely disparate assignments — as a real communityinvested in maintaining lines of communication. The size of the Indiana had me baffled for awhile but I know my way around it fairly well now.
The band is starting to shape up fairly well. Besides playing, we have a few other chores to perform. We have watches to stand in what is called Damage Control. They are not bad except for the fact that the time in my sack has been curtailed somewhat. Typical performances on an aircraft carrier included the concert band on the flight deck, the swing band in the hangar deck, and combos in the ready room. They also performed ceremonies for special events, burials at sea, and as back-up bands for USO entertainers.
They had battle-stations and shipside duties: some of them were stretcher carriers, some worked with instruments on the navigation deck. He usually stood watch in an eight-hour shift, 4 pm to midnight. You know, we already played one kind of instrument, so this was just another kind of instrument. It was the second of the South Dakota class battleships, commissioned on 30 April and put into immediate action as a member of the United States Pacific fleet.
It survived a typhoon [on 5 June ] that caused damage to several other battleships in the Pacific, including the Hornetthe Pittsburghand the Duluth. After 3 solid months of strikes against the Japanese home islands, on 2 September the Japanese formally surrendered, and WWII was almost officially over. Indiana was the first ship to return to the United States from Tokyo Bay after the surrender of Japan. Which is okay with me.
Bruckert, a trumpetplayer, served in the Navy from to On the recommendation of the Navy recruitment officer, he applied to the School of Music after boot camp.
He was accepted. The musicians had liberty one out of four nights, and would go to the USO for hamburgers and drinks after their days of rehearsal and training. He practiced — both music and sports — and made the team. According to Bruckert, the ship experienced an average of 12 kamikaze attacks per day. Their regular job entailed getting up between 3 and 4 am, having breakfast, and then heading to battle stations on the hangar deck.
Your repair people are fighting fires everywhere and trying to stay alive at the same time. Ropes attached the destroyers to the carrier, and these were cut with an axe whenever General Quarters sounded, so the crew of the aircraft carrier could secure it and the destroyers could get away and help fight off an attack. The musicians had to cut the ropes and run back to battle stations when a new kamikaze plane threatened to attack the ship.
And somebody pushed a plane over the bass fiddle! Bruckert spent eighteen months on the Hornetincluding the time when the ship was repaired in San Francisco after the 5 June typhoon that battered the carrier with foot waves. Units had to be assigned to maintain security in newly secured regions — like the Philippines, the Marianas Islands and Guam. At this point, bracelet avec aimant pour maigrir bands would play for separation ceremonies.
Jack W. Zimmanck, the final correspondent with Pete, was sent to Guiuan Samar in the newly liberated [from Japanese occupation] Philippine Islands. All we have out here is heat, bugs, jungle and a few native villages that have an odor not unlike an old outhouse much used but never moved. Figure 3: Letter excerpt from J. Zimmanck, Sr. Its really quite a hole and you sure can be thankful you stayed where you are.
I always had quite a regard for his ability.
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If anyone mentions Spam or de-hydrated foods to me when I get home they sign their death warrant. Most are quite religious, but cleanliness is not one of their virtues and disease is quite prevalent. Zimmanck explains that the radio in Guiuan Samar even plays ads about the dangers of promiscuity. Today, at age 86, Bruckert continues to work part-time as a consultant, and to play his trumpet in gigs around southern California.
Zimmanck, Jr. Zimmanck Sr. It was more anecdotes about funny things, odd things — more about the way people see themselves and how that changed. Milton A.
Russo, a percussionist from Oakland, California, in a letter dated April 23,wrote to Pete about the difficulties of starting over in the world after the military. I have often layed [sic] in bed at night thinking about you guys. Civilian life has its headaches too but of course you are on your own and have no one telling you what to do, but it is tough getting started again. And the world of music, which had offered some nostalgic solace and provided such motivation during the war, no longer held out the same possibilities:.
I was amazed at the rather cold reception I got from musicians that I thought were pretty good friends of mine. For example I went back to a Tavern where I once had the band for 3 years before I went to the station. One of the fellows in the band used to write me while I was in the Navy and telling me how much he wished I was back playing with the band.
When I got out and asked the fellows if I could come back to work as a sideman they fluffed me off and I later found out that one of the men thought me a rat for asking for the job and would be putting their drummer out of work. It seems all the musicians are worried about their jobs now as men are being released from the service all the time.
It was getting so I felt guilty in seeing the fellows in the places they were playing as I felt that they thought I was trying to angle in.
I guess I got out just in time. Again I will say it makes a different person out of you. These recruits joined the Navy with music at the forefront of their minds and lives, and it remained their top priority, but their training taught them the necessity of balancing the work of art with the art of war. Only after the war was over — as in the case of Jack Zimmanck, Sr. Even the music was not a constant as it had been before the war.
I began reading their letters with a certain prejudice against the Navy, saddened that the Armed Forces would send artists into combat zones, as if art should be protected from the forces of war, or as if its function in wartime could be so un-nuanced that it would be limited to forms of protest or of propaganda, overt or sublimated.
The young men who joined the Navy as musicians did so not for a single purpose of collusion but for any number of reasons — fear of the draft, desire for a steady pay-check, curiosity, the craving for adventure, patriotic duty. They trained together, ate together, rowed together, swam together, studied together, marched together, saluted the flag and their senior officers together, obeyed bugle calls together, made music together.
Their lives wove together in complex patterns, harmony and counterpoint, then separated, as the last notes of a symphony rise fading into the dust-sparkled air of a darkened concert hall.
After the war, he brought his family back to Southern California, where he took night classes to get his teaching credential in music education. The film tells the story of a performance troupe in Warsaw struggling to hold on to its identity against the encroaching Nazi forces — and acts as a tongue-in-cheek champion of the importance of freedom of artistic expression against the backdrop of oppression. I wonder, now, if the scenes Pete filmed — the orchestra playing valiantly on while artists gathered nervously onstage, worrying which show would prove to be their last chance to perform before their art was taken violently from them — brought back any of his own World War II memories … or if the fictional setting was strong enough, and his memories distant enough, that his own experiences faded into the background of just another temporary gig.
Department of State, Accessed 19 May Accessed 25 February Department of Commerce, Accessed 16 April Accessed 05 May Accessed 13 March On Lt. Accessed 23 April Accessed 17 February Accessed 03 April Accessed 04 April Accessed 16 May Subsequent references in the text.
Cited in Jones, Navy School of Music,Memorandum. Quoted in Jones, Hayes — Detroit — Greater. Rekis — U. Iowa sad. Light cruiser very sad. Dillion — U. Mississippi — as bad as it is to spell.
Prairie — Destroyer tender pretty good they say. Realizing their plane was going down, the crew had to ditch all gear.
The musicians dumped their instruments into the sea. Interview, 17 May Frank A. Anselmo supplied information about the USS Hornet. Paul Brown helped me with various images. I am grateful to all these friends and colleagues.
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Her principal areas of research are the nineteenth-century French novel, music, urban culture, liturgy, and film. She dedicates the work in this article, with love and music, to the memories of her grandfather, Fred Roy Peters, Sr.
Revue bilingue publiant des articles en sciences humaines et sociales consacrés à l'étude du monde anglophone. Sommaire - Document précédent - Document suivant. Après Arizona : les musiciens dans la marine américaine pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale.
Résumé Cet article traite du rôle des musiciens dans la marine américaine pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Plan After Arizona : Training at Farragut. After the School of Music — Musicians at Sea.
After the War: Musicians at Home Again. In the Images of America series C Figure 4: Letter excerpt from Milton A. He was Born in Kewanee, Wis. He went on to work for Sikorsky, Ryan and Monocoupe before joining North American Aviation as a design engineer in Over the years, Wing also founded Transland Co. He also developed the AG-2 crop-spraying airplane for Transland. As a youth, Wing designed his dream plane, a small, two-seat sports craft, and eventually he built it. Spinning off Wing Aircraft Co.
The first test version crashed into the ocean off Palos Verdes Dec. The two-person, twin-engine craft had a maximum speed of nearly m. Wing continued developing and trying to market his little dream plane into the s.