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Since 6 Aprillimited partnerships that are also collective investment schemes can be designated as private fund limited partnerships PFLPs which are subject to less strict requirements that make them more suitable for use in fund structures for more, see Practice Note: The nature of a limited partnership and its legal framework.

The attractions of a limited partnership as an investment vehicle include its tax transparency avoiding an extra layer of tax on the fund vehicle itselfand the fact that investors who are limited partners are only exposed to third party liabilities to the extent of their own investment in the case of non-PFLP funds or the amount of the partnership property which is available to its general partners to meet such debts and obligations in the case of PFLP funds. A private equity limited partnership fund will typically have one general partner.

This general partner will often itself be a limited partnership commonly a Scottish limited partnership which, unlike its English equivalent, has legal personality with a company as its own general partner, in order to gain the protection of limited liability.

The fund will have one or more 'founder' limited partners, usually representing the fund's investment managers. The third party investors are admitted as additional limited partners. For more details, see Practice Note: Taxation of limited partnerships—Limited partnerships as fund vehicles.

Partnerships, and in particular limited partnerships and LLPs, can be useful vehicles for holding real estate, whether as an investment or as part of a property trade. For a discussion of the issues that arise, see Practice Notes: Property holding structures—direct tax treatment of a UK limited partnership and Property holding structures—direct tax treatment of a UK limited liability partnership.

A joint venture may be operated through a partnership of UK tax resident partners. For a discussion of the issues that arise, see Practice Notes: Tax implications of establishing a joint venture partnership and Tax implications of operating and terminating a joint venture partnership. It may take a few minutes to reach its recipient s depending on the size of the document s.

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In this case, the restoration cannot be admitted unless the colleague tried to avoid missing the deadline accordingly even if the other requirements necessary measures were taken in advance and the request for the restoration was filed in an appropriate period are met. The JPO states that the restoration may be admitted if there is a justifiable reason for not complying with the time limit and said justifiable reason can be considered similar to the due care criteria adopted in the EPO.

However, according to the examples listed in the guidelines, it seems to be stricter in Japanese practice than in the European practice for the restoration to be admitted. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of deadlines in a specifically careful manner. He is active in the area of intellectual property law since and he is qualified as a M.

His areas of expertise are chemistry, pharmaceutics, lasers spectroscopics. You can contact Mr. Sekiguchi at: ksekiguchi at dennemeyer-law dot com. Notre nouvelle adresse est:.

Par ailleurs, nous en profitons pour vous informer de la création de deux adresses email génériques pour vous permettre de nous contacter plus facilement:. Businesses active in industries where intellectual property rights play an important role - especially where Standard Essential Patents SEPs are involved - should expect close scrutiny from Chinese agencies as they continue to develop their approach in this complex area.

Yuan Li will summarize the key enforcement activities of competition law in China, particularly focus on SEPs and how they relate various issues. If this issue is of interest for you, join us at our Munich office. The lecture is followed by a drinks reception. Reserve your seat. About the lecturer: Ms.

Verglichen mit den Kosten für Forschung und Entwicklung, ist der Zukauf geistigen Eigentums finanziell und zeitlich oft günstiger. Gerade in neuen Technologiebereichen führt das Bündeln von Know-how zu Wettbewerbsvorteilen, etwa einem schnelleren Markteintritt.

Sinnvolle Ergänzungen des eigenen Portfolios durch Zukauf können Firmen also einen wirtschaftlichen Vorteil verschaffen. Allerdings unterliegen Übernahmen und Fusionen häufig Beschränkungen beispielsweise durch Kartellvorschriften und -auflagen. Zwei Parteien vereinbaren, sich gegenseitig ihr geistiges Eigentum oder Teile davon zugänglich und nutzbar zu machen.

La marche pour maigrir du ventre Beispiel ist die Lizenzierung von Technologien durch einen Vertrag, in dem der geistige Eigentümer, also der Lizenzgeber, der anderen Partei, dem Lizenznehmer, erlaubt, die betreffende Technologie zu nutzen, zu ändern oder zu verkaufen.

Normalerweise erfolgt dies gegen Zahlung einer Lizenzgebühr. Zum Beispiel gewährt der Lizenzgeber dem Lizenznehmer das Recht, in einem vom Lizenznehmer produzierten Computer einen Prozessor des Lizenzgebers zu installieren und weiter zu verkaufen.

Die Rollen und Verantwortlichkeiten der beteiligten Partner sind im Vertrag eindeutig festgelegt, ähnlich wie bei anderen Lieferanten-Kunden-Beziehungen. Joint Venture JV. Die Unternehmen gründen ein JV und legen ihr Know-how zusammen. In der Regel beschränken sich solche Kooperationen auf abgegrenzte Technologiefelder. Klicken Sie hier für den vollständigen Artikel. Mit geschickt gesteuerten Gesetzesänderungen wurde so das Gebühreneinkommen aus gewerblichen Schutzrechten von ursprünglich wenigen Millionen auf weit über Millionen Euro Überschuss gesteigert.

Wegen derzeit rund fehlender Prüfer ist das deutsche Prüfungsverfahren auf eine durchschnittliche Dauer von sechs Jahren angestiegen, sodass der Anmelder nach der Offenlegung seiner technischen Lehreetwa 54 Monate ohne einen Patentschutz dasteht — eine verheerende Entwicklung angesichts immer schneller werdender Innovationszyklen.

Dagegen werden die Erfinder in China systematisch mit massiven Fördermitteln auch zu Anmeldungen im Ausland unterstützt. Und was passiert in Deutschland? Nicht viel. Vor 30 Jahren galten auch in Deutschland noch der halbe Einkommensteuersatz für Gewinne aus Erfindungen und der halbe Mehrwertsteuersatz für Tätigkeiten eines Patentanwalts. Sie wachsen schnell — und wir ziehen mit. Im Zuge unserer globalen Expansion ist uns auch unser Münchner Büro zu eng geworden.

Wir ziehen deshalb am Dienstag, Juli, um. Unsere neue Münchner Adresse lautet:. LandaubogenMünchen, Deutschland. Bitte ändern Sie unsere Adressdaten entsprechend. Unsere Telefon- und Faxnummern bleiben unverändert.

Klicken Sie hier. Vous avez une croissance rapide — nous nous adaptons à vos attentes. En raison de notre croissance mondiale, nos bureaux de Munich étaient devenus trop petits pour répondre à nos besoins. Nous avons donc déménagé mardi 19 juillet. Notre nouvelle adresse à Munich est :.

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Nous vous demandons donc de bien vouloir modifier nos coordonnées dans vos fichiers; Mais nos numéros de téléphone et de fax restent les mêmes. Souhaitez-vous prendre rendez-vous? Laissez-nous savoir. You are growing rapidly — and so are we. In light of our global expansion, our Munich offices have become too small for our needs.

As of Tuesday, July 19we will be serving our clients from a new location. Our new address is:. We kindly request you update our contact details accordingly.

Our telephone and fax numbers stay unchanged. Are you interested in a personal appointment? Let us know. Das Ranking basiert auf einer Umfrage unter tausenden deutschen Kollegen. Unsere Patentanwaltskanzlei ist auf dem richtigen Weg, das zeigt sich auch in unserem starken Wachstum und unserer ungebremsten globalen Expansion.

Köllner promovierte in physikalischer Chemie und hat ein Diplom in Physik von der Universität Heidelberg. Auf Grund seiner herausragenden Leistungen wird er seit mehreren Jahren als einer der führenden Rechtsanwälte und Strategen auf dem Gebiet des gewerblichen Rechtsschutzes ausgezeichnet.

Köllner schaut zurück auf hunderte Due-Diligence-Projekte für kleinere Kunden, Investoren und FortuneGesellschaften, insbesondere für Risikokapitalinvestitionen. Pour la deuxième année consécutive, le Dr. Par ailleurs, le Dr. Köllner a également rédigé et co-redigé de nombreuses parutions couvrant divers aspects économiques et juridiques du système de la propriété intellectuelle, y compris un manuel sur le Traité de coopération en matière de brevets.

Il y a quelques années, le Dr. Contactez M. Our patent law firm is on the right track, which is also reflected by our strong growth and our ongoing global expansion. Köllner holds a Ph.

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His areas of expertise include physics, physical chemistry, optics, lasers, biotechnology, medical devices and software. Köllner has authored and co-authored numerous publications on the economic and legal side of the IP system, including a handbook on the Patent Cooperation Treaty.

A few years ago, Köllner correctly predicted the failure of the German patent funds, at a time when there was still much hype around these funds IAM. Köllner has extensive experience in performing hundreds of due diligence investigations for smaller clients, investors and Fortune companies, in particular for venture capital investments.

Köllner can be contacted at: mKöllner dennemeyer-law. It was a good opportunity to get to know the next generation of IP experts that will join the market in the upcoming months.

The championship ended last month and he succeeded in defeating his anonymous opponent in the Final Battle on Monday, June 27th. Nach den Vorträgen über spannende Trendthemen rund um aktuelle Entwicklungen im gewerblichen Rechtsschutz laden wir Sie ein zur Diskussion, zum Networken und zu kühlen Drinks mit einem fantastischen Blick über München.

Die erste Dennemeyer online Meisterschaft über geistiges Eigentum, das sog. Am Schluss traten die beiden führenden Spieler im Duell gegeneinander an, um den Sieg zu holen.

Juni, schlagen konnte. Er wird in Kürze sein iPad in Chicago erhalten. Unser Dank gilt auch all den anderen Spielern weltweit aus dem Bereich geistiges Eigentum!

Bleiben Sie weiter eingeschaltet für unseren nächsten Wettbewerb, dies war erst der Anfang! De nombreux joueurs ont utilisé leurs superpouvoirs pour tester leurs connaissances sur les brevets et marques déposées et se sont amusés sur la version en ligne de notre célèbre quiz Dennemeyer. Au final, deux contestants se sont affrontés pour décrocher le prix de ce concours. Il recevra bientôt son iPad à Chicago. Nous souhaitons à remercier tous les autres joueurs spécialistes de la propriété intellectuelle du monde entier pour leur participation!

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Ne ratez pas notre prochain défi — regime soupe detox jus ne fait que commencer. Many players have used their superpowers to test their knowledge about patents and trademarks and were having fun playing the online version of the popular Dennemeyer IP Quiz Championships. In the end, the two leading players competed against each other to win the prize. He will receive his iPad in Chicago soon.

Thanks to all the other players from all over the IP world! Stay tuned for our next challenge — this was just the beginning.

Enjoy summer with us! After short presentations on current IP trends held in German language our complimentary workshops offer you a good opportunity to discuss the following topics:. After the presentations there will be plenty of time for discussions, networking and cool drinks — with a fantastic view.

Exclusively for summerDennemeyer continues its high demand webinar series. These webinars provide the tools and information for you to save key resources — your time and money. Join the webinar s to question the experts directly and find out what fellow intellectual property professionals are asking. Learn more about the five webinars in July and August and register today.

Are you a law firm that has been using the same process for years? Curious on how you can save time, resources, and ultimately cost? In this webinar, Leon Steinberg discusses an outsourced model to record transfers and the associated cost savings. Why outsource this process? You can greatly reduce internal costs; and if you are a law firm, greatly increase profits. Webinar highlights include:. Watch the recorded webinar today. Benutzt Ihre Anwaltskanzlei die gleichen Prozesse bereits seit Jahren?

Dennemeyers Webseminar am Mai zeigte, wie Anwaltskanzleien und somit letztendlich die Unternehmen von einem rationalisierten Prozess profitieren können. In diesem Webseminar diskutiert Leon Steinberg ein ausgelagertes Geschäftsmodell, um den Transfer und die damit verknüpften Kosteneinsparungen zu verzeichnen. Weshalb sollte dieser Prozess ausgelagert werden? Sie können enorm die internen Kosten senken und, falls es sich um eine Anwaltskanzlei handelt, enorm Ihren Profit steigern.

Zu den Highlights zählen u. Sehen Sie sich noch heute diese Aufzeichung des Webseminars an. Souhaitez-vous savoir comment économiser en temps, en ressources et en argent? Lors de ce webinaire, Leon Steinberg aborde un modèle de sous-traitance permettant des transferts record et donc une réduction des coûts.

Pourquoi sous-traiter ce processus? Vous pourrez réduire de manière considérable les coûts internes, et si vous êtes une société juridique, accroître vos bénéfices. Les points importants de ce webinaire comprennent :. Découvrez la vidéo de cette interview et des photos de ce stand impressionnant ici. At INTA it was almost impossible not see the Dennemeyer booth - the biggest and highest booth of all and placed in the very center of the exhibition area.

Watch the clip with the interview and shots of the impressive booth here. Sehen Sie den clip mit dem Interview und Bildern unseres beeindruckenden Messestands hier. Luxembourg-based leading intellectual property management service provider Dennemeyer Group reaffirms its commitment to the European market by relocating their Bracknell office to Reading, United Kingdom. Reading continues to score high on a number of key economic indicators such as economic contribution per worker and number of businesses per capita: it has one of the largest IT workforces and some of the highest densities of digital tech businesses in the UK.

By optimizing our presence in the UK, we will serve as a direct point of contact for UK regime pro ana mia, corporations and law firms, addressing their IP needs and providing specialized advice. This is a continuation of the global expansion strategy of Dennemeyer Group and a strong commitment to the UK, which was initiated over 40 years ago. Dennemeyer set up their first overseas office in Stockport, UK in and established a team which handled the first computer-based patent annuity payments in the world.

Vor der Show hatten die Kollegen bereits die Gelegenheit, bei einer aufregenden Fahrt auf einem Airboat Alligatoren in ihrem natürlichen Lebensraum zu sehen. Sehen Sie die Bildergalerie für weitere Schanppschüsse zu diesem Event. We kicked off the INTA meeting with a fun and adventurous evening observing the alligators, bobcats, raccoons and other wild animals.

Guests had the opportunity to enjoy the natural attractions while experiencing the excitement of being on an airboat. This was the perfect way to relax and have fun before starting INTA. Dort bot sich unseren Gästen dann die Gelegenheit, die besten Tapas der Stadt zu probieren, bevor sie um 22 Uhr von einem Feuerwerk von Disney World verzaubert wurden.

Bitte sehen Sie die Bildergalerie für weitere Schnappschüsse zu diesem Event. This was a great opportunity for our team and clients to get together and enjoy food, drinks and a beautiful show. Ce fut une bonne opportunité de rencontre entre notre équipe et nos clients avec de bons mets, des boissons et un très beau spectacle. Consultez la galerie pour voir les photos de la soirée. Cela ne va pas changer. Cela va changer.

Juli veröffentlicht. Leser werden vermutlich bereits wissen, dass ein Einspruch gegen ein Europäisches Patent innerhalb von neun Monaten nach dessen Erteilung eingereicht werden kann. Dies wird sich nicht ändern. Leser werden vermutlich ebenfalss wissen, dass das Verfahren zum Einreichen eines Einspruchs recht langwierig sein kann, sodass Jahre verstreichen, ehe eventuell eine Entscheidung in der ersten Instanz gefällt wird.

Dies wird sich ändern. Es gibt zwei bedeutende Faktoren, die zur Beschleunigung des Verfahrens zum Einreichen eines Einspruchs beitragen sollen. Zweitens, wenn die Antwort auf einen Einspruch vom Patentinhaber an den Widersprechenden mitgeteilt wird, wird die Einspruchsabteilung gleichzeitig den nächsten Handlungsschritt vorbereiten. Dieser nächste Handlungsschritt wird normalerweise die Erteilung einer Vorladung zu einer mündlichen Verhandlung sein.

Readers will probably know that an opposition against a European Patent can be filed within nine months after grant. This will not change. Readers will probably also know that the opposition procedure can be quite lengthy so that years might pass before a decision is rendered by the first instance.

This will change. There are two major factors which shall contribute to speeding up the opposition procedure. Firstly, contrary to the former practice, extensions of time limits will be granted only in exceptional cases with duly substantiated requests. Secondly, when communicating the reply to an opposition from the patent proprietor to the opponent, the Opposition Division will at the same time prepare the next action. This next action will normally be the issuance of summons to oral proceedings.

For further information and help, please feel free to contact ckoester at dennemeyer-law dot com. First of all, it is important to note that this would be the first time in the history of the EU that a Member State leaves the EU, thus it is still not clear how this would actually work on a practical level. The Member State should notify the EU Council and both parties will conclude an agreement setting the arrangements and further relation between the country and the Union.

After the Member State gives notice of its withdrawal, there is a two-year term for the treaties of the Union to cease their effects, unless the parties reach an agreement before the two-year term. However, this term might be extended by both parties. Regarding copyright protection, a Brexit would not have any major consequences, since copyright protection is not fully harmonized in the EU as it is. Further, copyright protection is mainly territorial and the UK is member to several International Treaties that cover copyright, thus they it would keep applying their national laws based on international minimum standards of protection.

First, it is worth highlighting that the protection of national Patents as well as national Trademark registrations would of course remain unchanged. However, obtaining UK approval for the agreement on a Unified Patent Court might prove to be a challenge, since a Brexit would very likely slow down the implementation of the UPC. Further, supplementary protection certificates for medicinal products are regulated by EU regulation N.

An applicant could of course still file an EU application but would additionally have to file a separate national UK application. Moreover, according to Article Furthermore, a Brexit would necessitate transitional provisions for current EU Trademark and Designs registrations for converting these rights into national UK rights, if the owner wishes to maintain protection of such rights in the UK.

Further, it would have to be decided if their rights once converted into national UK rights will keep their EU filing date. For now, IP owners should simply be aware that if a Brexit happens -they might face consequences with regard to the protection of their UK IP rights and that they may further have to take additional measures if they want to maintain their IP rights. Until a decision has been made, we can of course not give comprehensive advice on how to proceed, but can only point out the potentially controversial issues.

We will of course look into these issues in more detail once the corresponding decisions have been made. Download the PDF article here. Kolloquium der Technischen Universität Ilmenau über Patentinformation und gewerblichen Rechtsschutz, findet dieses Jahr vom Juni in Ilmenau statt.

Thema ist Big Data — Chancen und Herausforderungen. Schreiben Sie Philipp Hammans unter: phammans at dennemeyer dot com. Dennemeyer will have a booth at the event. Contact Philipp Hammans at: phammans at dennemeyer dot com. Die Dennemeyer Group organisiert einen Ergänzungs-Workshop für alle, die am zukünftigen, einheitlichen Patent und dem einheitlichen Patentgericht interessiert sind. Der Workshop findet am Donnerstag, den 2.

Die Tagesordnung besteht aus Themen wie die Einführung des einheitlichen Patentgerichts, die Verordnungen zum einheitlichen Patent und die Vereinbarung über ein einheitliches Patentgericht. Dieser Workshop wird schnell und effektiv die Hauptmerkmale, die Ziele und den Zweck des zukünftigen, einheitlichen Patents und des einheitlichen Patentgerichts darlegen.

Unser sachkundiger Referent wird Ihnen die neuesten Entwicklungen mitteilen sowie ein paar interessante Fallstudien präsentieren. Nach dem Workshop laden wir Sie dazu ein, dieses Thema weiter mit Ihren Kollegen bei einem Drink zu besprechen und neue Verbindungen zu knüpfen.

Cette formation aura lieu le jeudi 2 juin de 17 à 19 h au Park Inn, Radisson, au Luxembourg Avenue de la Gare, Parking disponible. Cette formation couvrira de manière rapide et succincte les caractéristiques, ambitions et objectifs principaux des brevets à effet unitaire et de la Cour européenne des brevets.

The Dennemeyer Group organizes a complementary workshop for everyone interested in the future Unitary Patent and the Unified Patent Court. Our expert speaker will share the latest developments with you and present some interesting case studies. After the workshop, we invite you to further discuss this topic with your colleagues and network over a drink. Did you have to read that twice?

On April 14,Dr. In this webinar you will discover three key items:. Watch the recorded, on-demand webinar today. Simply watch this short webinar to discover how.

Advantages

Have a break at our Café and discuss all aspects of IP management with our experts in a relaxed atmosphere. Besides we have prepared a special cinematic highlight for you — of course not without a decent amount of popcorn! After the show test your IP knowledge in our daily Dennemeyer IP Quiz championships and win exclusive prizes for your family at home.

If you would like to arrange a meeting with our experts or a demonstration of our software tools or online portals before the conference, please contact us at inta at dennemeyer dot com. Starting April 11 th your knowledge power will be tested in two parallel rounds one for each category and the two leading players of Patents and Trademarks will compete in the Final Battle, which will be a combination of both categories, at the end of May. Win the battle and the iPad is yours! Since he was the first US President to visit this mother country of cigars and rum.

However, the arguably most powerful man on earth was only an opening act.

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On 25 March, the Rolling Stones played their first ever concert in Havana. One takeaway is that US Presidents come and go - but the Stones stay forever. Another crystal clear message is that Cuba is opening-up. This détente could certainly develop into a fresh and long-lasting period of improving business relations with Cuba.

Exporting companies should therefore start rethinking about their Intellectual Property strategy for the Cuban market. The first question is of course which protective IP rights are available in Cuba. We at Dennemeyer have long-standing contacts with our colleagues in Cuba and are looking forward to play a part in the improvement of the economic relations with Cuba, with our focus in this regard being of course Intellectual Property.

But we will also keep monitoring other developments on Cuba. Rumor has it that Sir Paul McCartney will be the next music legend to pay a visit to the Island for a gig. Stay tuned! Check out our webinar to find out more about the upcoming changes to trademark protection in Cuba and Iran. For businesses today it is critical to safeguard sensitive data against the growing number of online and natural threats.

For data security, the operative words are confidence and transparency. Dennemeyer remains dedicated to security and takes extensive technical measures to protect client data when managing intellectual property portfolios.

Due to the importance of the topic Dennemeyer will keep on publishing news and articles on data security and keep you informed. The workshops took place in Warsaw in the Sheraton hotel. At the first part of the workshops, Ms. Afterwards, participants were divided into two groups representing two different companies interested in extending their current activity, but their peaceful existence implant mammaire par le mamelon enceinte the European market was not possible without prior coexistence agreement conclusion.

Although at the beginning it seemed impossible to reach an agreement in this regard, we are happy to inform that after a long and difficult discussion both groups managed to sign a coexistence agreement satisfactory for both sides.

We received positive feedback from participants who especially appreciated the possibility to actively participate in the discussion. The Forums feature panel discussions and explore and discuss best practices for managing IP costs. Hear real world experiences from leading companies on how they have managed their IP budgets. These complimentary events are approved for 3.

Space at each location is very limit. Learn more and reserve your spot today. This move signals the rapid growth experienced over the past year. The new address is W.

Madison, SuiteChicago IL Dennemeyer U. This growth is projected to continue throughout Should you have any questions on the relocation, please feel free to contact us. We look forward to seeing and serving you at the improved office surroundings. The new legislation enters into force on 23 March In order to avoid inadequate scope of protection, the owners of the above categorized trademarks have been given a possibility to file a declaration to the Office by 24 Septemberspecifying the exact goods and services intended to be covered by that application.

If no Declaration is filed before the deadline, those trademarks will be deemed to cover only the goods and services described in the literal meaning of the class heading. Do you know the costs of publishing a European patent validation in Morocco?

Since the beginning of MarchEuropean patents can be validated in Morocco according to the agreement between the European Patent Organisation and the government of the Kingdom of Morocco. But the exact fees for the publication of a validation have not been published by the EPO until now. As leading provider of professional services and solutions for the IP sector, Dennemeyer has found out the publication fee prior to its official publication.

As a result of the Iran dark pigmentation around mouth and nose deal signed last year, economic sanctions on the Middle-Eastern country have been lifted on January 16, Governmental authorities and industry organizations were quick to welcome this step in opening up the Iranian economy to international trade and investment.

For example, the German-Iranian Chamber of Commerce and the European-Iranian Business Alliance released statements expressing their hope that business relations with Iran will be flourishing again in the future. With the start of a hopefully new and long-lasting period of good business relations with Iran, exporting companies should start rethinking about their intellectual property strategy for the Iranian market.

The first question is of course which protective IP rights are available in Iran. We at Dennemeyer have a long-standing relationship with our colleagues in Iran. Furthermore, we have experienced that centralized formalities procedures, especially with regards to notarization, can help clients move forward their IP projects almost everywhere and in fact in Iran. During the sanctions, we helped clients, some of them U. With these recent developments in mind, we are looking forward to playing our part in normalizing the economic relations with Iran, with our focus being of course the field of intellectual property.

In December we pledged to donate 1 euro for every correct answer submitted in our IP Quiz. Thanks to the overwhelming response we received from players, we have made a donation totaling 15, euros to the German office of Doctors Without Borders. The donated amount was handed over on January 12, in the presence of Dr. Doctors Without Borders was represented by Andrea Stegmeir, who shared with us her first-hand experience helping those in need in Angola.

Doctors Without Borders is an international humanitarian organisation providing assistance to vulnerable communities, victims of natural disasters and armed conflicts. Every year Doctors Without Borders sends around 2, doctors, nurses, logisticians, water-and-sanitation experts, administrators and other professionals to work alongside approximately 31, locally hired staff.

Together they run medical projects in more than 60 countries around the world. The organisation spent million euros on humanitarian activities in ; performing over 8 million outpatient consultations, aiding over thousand severely malnourished children, and performing over 81, major surgical interventions.

We are truly overwhelmed by the amazing response we received from our fellow industry professionals, and would like to thank everybody who played the IP Quiz over December. Below are 12 costly and commonly shared trade mark misunderstandings. Not all trade marks are created equal.

To evaluate the strength of a proposed mark, it is critical to understand that trade marks are viewed within a spectrum of distinctiveness. A Generic : On one end of the distinctiveness spectrum, generic terms are common words that name goods or services; these are incapable of functioning as trade marks.

Registration of a generic term would prevent others from rightfully utilising the common word and serve no source identification function. B Descriptive : Moving up the band, a mark is considered merely descriptive if the primary significance of the term immediately describes an ingredient, quality, characteristic, feature, function or purpose of the specifically delineated goods or services.

Although adopting a descriptive mark simplifies marketing efforts by conveying features of the product or service to the purchaser, pousse cheveux crépus maison also presents hurdles at both the registration and enforcement stages.

Common examples of descriptive marks include Arthriticare for arthritis medicationCar Freshener for car deodoriserand World Book for encyclopedias. C Suggestive : Suggestive trade marks indirectly refer to the goods or services with which they are associated.

The mark requires an intellectual leap, imagination, thought or perception in order for the consumer to reach a conclusion as to the nature of the goods or services. For example, Coppertone for tanning lotion and Chicken Of The Sea for tuna are considered suggestive marks. Traditionally, marketing professionals prefer suggestive marks due to their inherent ability to evoke ideas in the minds of consumers, suggesting the nature of the goods or services offered.

By subconsciously linking a mark to a product or service, this approach enhances brand awareness while reducing costs associated with marketing campaigns. However, a fine line separates descriptive and suggestive trade marks. What a marketer may deem suggestive, the examining attorney may find descriptive. D Arbitrary or fanciful : Finally, arbitrary or fanciful marks are afforded the broadest scope of protection. An arbitrary mark is a word that exists but has no meaning when used on the product itself, whereas a fanciful mark is a word not recognised by the dictionary.

For instance, the marks Pepsi and Exxon are deemed fanciful because they have no meaning or common usage. Alternatively, Apple used in connection with computers is considered an arbitrary mark because it is a known term used in an uncommon fashion. For instance, other companies may own common law rights that compromise the value and availability of a trade mark. Common law rights arise from actual use of a mark in commerce even absent federal registration.

Although federal registration affords additional rights that are unavailable under the common law scheme, rights still develop without registration. These limited rights are cabined to the geographic area in which the mark is used. Within that specific territory, rights are based on the priority of use of a mark.

Occasionally, a federal registrant may not be the first user of a trade mark in a specific territory; therefore, an unregistered prior user may enjoy superior rights. Thus, when applying for a trade mark, even a company with common law rights may file an opposition based on first use in commerce.

Further, if the USPTO has deemed a trade mark cancelled or abandoned, that designation does not ensure that your agency may use the mark without complications. A mark may be deemed cancelled or abandoned for a bundle of reasons. As stated above, trade mark rights continue at the common law level if a company continues to employ their mark in commerce.

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There are many sources in addition to the USPTO, such as common law sources, state trade mark registries and industry publications. Read the full article as PDF. Our international team of patent and trademark attorneys is admitted to practice before the Patent and Trademark Offices of several additional European and non-European jurisdictions e.

As a well-reputed and reliable intellectual property partner for multinational corporations and small and medium sized companies across industries for more than 55 years, the jury has recognized our pan-European footprint and our ability to deliver accurate and top-tier legal services to our European and non-European clients. However, they are, at times, used incorrectly and trademark owners may not be aware that misuse can have significant consequences.

For the countries where the use of the symbols is not mandatory, companies should take into consideration that this could have dissuasive influence on third parties, as a warning that the owner of the trademark will defend against unauthorized use. As the rules may vary from country to country, we aim to provide an overview of the characteristics of specific countries, as well as some details and advice about the proper use of these symbols and how to avoid potential problems.

It is usually placed on the right-hand side of the trademark, superscripted, and in a smaller type size than the mark itself. However, be careful : the tax administration ensures that abuses are avoided through systematic targeted controls and eliminates misuse of the system, which is legitimate in itself.

The best option for you? Optimizationsecurity and expertise. This follow-up meeting ensures that you are ready to operate with your copyright regime in complete serenity. One last thing : no cure no pay! If this system is not profitable to you, we stop the service and do not charge you a cent for the work performed. What's your name? What's your company name? What's your email adress? What's your telephone number?